Normal Anatomy of the Hip joint
The hip joint is the largest weight-bearing joint in the human body. It is also referred to as a "ball and socket" joint and is surrounded by muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The thigh bone (femur) and the pelvis join to form the hip joint.
Any injury or disease of the hip will adversely affect the joint's range of motion and ability to bear weight.
Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition where there is too much friction in the hip joint from bony irregularities, causing pain and decreased range of hip motion. The femoral head and acetabulum rub against each other, creating damage and pain to the hip joint. The damage can occur to the articular cartilage (the smooth white surface of the ball or socket) or the labral tissue (the lining of the edge of the socket) during normal movement of the hip. The articular cartilage or labral tissue can fray or tear after repeated friction.
The hip joint is a “ball and socket” joint. The “ball” is the head of the femur (thigh bone) and the “socket” is the cup-shaped acetabulum. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain-free movement in the joint.
Arthroscopy, also referred to as keyhole or minimally-invasive surgery, is a procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint to check for any damage and repair it simultaneously.
An arthroscope is a small, fiber-optic instrument consisting of a lens, light source, and video camera. The camera projects an image of the inside of the joint onto a large screen monitor, allowing the surgeon to look for any damage, assess the type of injury, and repair the problem.
Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the damaged cartilage and bone is removed from the hip joint and replaced with artificial components. This is one of the most effective operations known and should give you many years of freedom from pain.
Revision Hip Replacement
Revision hip replacement is a complex surgical procedure in which all or part of a previously-implanted hip joint is replaced with a new artificial hip joint. Total hip replacement surgery is an option to relieve severe arthritis pain that limits your daily activities. During total hip replacement, the damaged cartilage and bone is removed from the hip joint and replaced with artificial components.